Armor & Mobility

SEP-OCT 2016

Military magazines in the United States and Canada, covering Armor and Mobility, focuses on tactical vehicles, C4ISR, Special Operations Forces, latest soldier equipment, shelters, and key DoD programs

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a clear vision statement for the Army's Mission Command Network. After several months of vetting across the Army, the vision statement became "Achieve expeditionary, uninterrupted mission command; through a network comprised of intuitive, secured, standards-based capabilities adapted to commander's requirements; and integrated into a common operating environment. Network capabilities are assured, interoperable, tailorable, collaborative, identity-based, and accessible at the point of need in operations that include unified action partners." The vision statement, key ideas, and design principles were briefed back to General Odierno in December 2014. Further refinement continued, culminating in a brief to General Milley in September of 2015, where he stressed the importance of deployability and tactical mobility. The vision was published with his requested refinements in October 2015. Operations-based Focus The network must be understood by its operational role. The primary role of the Mission Command Network is to enable globally responsive joint combined arms teams to maneuver across domains and locations. It enables uninterrupted mission command across home station, enroute, and deployed conditions. It matures within a theater, is immediately available upon initial entry (through satellite), and thickens over time with aerial and terrestrial capabilities. It provides a common user experience across echelons, formations, and phases. Command posts function in consolidated and distributed configurations, are able to deploy quickly, and then scale to the desired capacity. Mission Command Network capabilities are tailored to each commander's requirements based on echelon and formation, fully considering the unit mission profile and leader/soldier workload, enabling training and unit readiness. "Our Army's ability to conduct expeditionary maneuver and Joint Combined Arms Operations depends on a Mission Command Network that is assured, interoperable, tailorable, collaborative, identity-based, and accessible at the point of need," said LTG H. R. McMaster, Director, Army Capabilities Integration Center (ARCIC). "We must evaluate and prioritize network-related efforts based on the degree to which they contribute to this vision and how network- related capabilities effect our ability to operate consistent with the Army Operating Concept." Key elements of the vision are the design principles for the Mission Command Network. Mission command is a complex human endeavor requiring sophisticated decision tools and capabilities, all supported by the Mission Command Network. As mission command is exercised during the most demanding of conditions, simplicity and interoperability are particularly important. The Mission Command Network must be designed to enable the warfighter, rather than distract or hinder. In order to fully enable leaders and Soldiers, the document outlines nine design principles which should guide Mission Command Network modernization: (1) Simplicity, (2) Intuitive, (3) Integrated, (4) Interoperable, (5) Assured, reliable, durable, (6) Adaptive, flexible, responsive, (7) Scalable, tailorable, (8) Secure, and (9) Affordable. Streamlining Continuity The network must be able to meet our most demanding missions. "Expeditionary" refers to the ability to deploy task-organized forces on short notice to austere locations, capable of conducting operations immediately upon arrival. The Army Operating Concept defines expeditionary maneuver as the rapid deployment of task-organized combined arms forces able to transition quickly and conduct operations of sufficient scale and ample duration to achieve strategic objectives. The essence of mission command is not changed, but within the context of expeditionary maneuver, expeditionary mission command is "mission command of forces conducting expeditionary maneuver from multiple locations and projecting power across all domains; integrating institutional and operational capabilities, with unified action partners, to execute joint combined arms operations." "The goal is to achieve expeditionary, uninterrupted mission command," said Maj. Gen. Willard Burleson, then Director, Mission Command Center of Excellence (MC CoE). "These network capabilities must be assured, interoperable, tailorable, collaborative, and accessible at the point of need. This enables expeditionary mission command, expeditionary maneuver from multiple locations, and projecting power across all domains." We must be prepared for situations where the network is not fully functional. Uninterrupted mission command is the ability to exercise mission command across multiple locations, with continuity of purpose, in spite of discrete breaks in communications. It has two components: (1) a single mobile, protected network which maximizes connectivity and capacity for operations; and (2) leaders and soldiers proficient in leveraging network-delivered capabilities, who are equally able to continue the mission across a range of degraded network conditions. From Location to Formation As a holistic document, the Mission Command Network Vision & Narrative seeks to articulate the unique needs of each location, echelon, and formation. In order to do so, it speaks to the enterprise or strategic aspects of the network, to include home station requirements. It then articulates the needs of deployed formations from theater army to company level. For each echelon/formation in question, the document describes (1) operational conditions, (2) critical locations and nodes, (3) essential capabilities, (4) information needed by key leaders in that formation, and (5) communication / collaboration requirements with key subordinates, peers, superiors, enablers, and mission partners. This portion of the Narrative establishes several key attributes that LTG H. R. McMaster Director, Army Capabilities Integration Center (ARCIC) Maj. Gen. Willard Burleson fmr Director, Mission Command Center of Excellence (MC CoE) GEN Robert Brown CG, U.S. Army Pacific (USARPAC) www.tacticaldefensemedia.com 18 | Armor & Mobility September/October 2016 TRADOC FOCUS

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